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Bulletin N° 38 septembre 2023 The Communist Revolutionary Party has reacted several times to the attacks of the Venezuelan bourgeois power against the Communist Party of Venezuela.  These attacks have recently transformed into the threat of a ban, the creation of a false and illegitimate party leadership made up of people in the pay of the Venezuelan bourgeois state. We denounced this situation in a press release and signed, with other communist parties, an open letter to President Maduro.
The shift in Venezuelan power
For several years, the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, in power in Caracas, has modified its political strategy, making overtures to the right, including to supporters of the former putschist Guaido, self-proclaimed president and supported by the dominant imperialist power. , the USA and its lackeys.
What followed were economic and social adjustments, privatizations, and an increased fight by the government against trade unionists, particularly metalworkers, and against certain Native American populations.
Finally, for several months there have been barely hidden attempts to get closer to the USA.
Of course, since the beginning of this drift, the PCV has firmly opposed it. From now on, Maduro's government wants to get rid of this troublemaker who is preventing the left and the right from mending each other, as in the times before Chavez.
Some historical elements
This situation is not and has not been unique for more than sixty years. It is the question of the relationship between the revolutionary workers' movement and the national bourgeoisie in the countries of what was called the Third World that is posed to us.
From the 1950s onwards, the USSR was the main supporter of national liberation struggles, particularly in Asia and Africa, and communist parties around the world expressed their solidarity and support for these struggles. We must distinguish China, Korea, Vietnam and Laos where it was the party of the working class, the communist party, which led the national liberation struggle, from other situations, particularly in Africa and the Middle East.
In these countries, the USSR and the communist parties of the world supported alliances in which it was not the party of the working class which led the struggle, even if it participated in it, but a party of the national Bourgeoisie. This is opposed to the Comprador Bourgeoisie , favorable to the maintenance, in one form or another, of colonization.
The Baath party in Syria and Iraq, the Arab Socialist Union, created by Nasser in Egypt and the FLN in Algeria are examples of these parties representing the national Bourgeoisie. The organizations fighting against Portuguese colonization are more nuanced. The MPLA [1] in Angola and FRELIMO [2] in Mozambique are led by Marxists, respectively Agostinho Neto and Samora Machel, but they also include representatives of the National Bourgeoisie. In these two countries, the Comprador Bourgeoisie will organize itself with the support of apartheid South Africa, to fight the national liberation movement and the revolution (RENAMO [3] in Mozambique, UNITA and FNLA [4]in Angola). In these countries, it will be the end of the USSR and the socialist countries of Europe which will bring about the arrival of the national Bourgeoisie at the leadership of the party and the State.
In the other countries mentioned above, relations between the Arab nationalist ruling party and the communists have been complicated to say the least.
Upon taking power in 1965, Houari Boumediene, who would later attempt to build a socialist society, banned the PCA (Algerian Communist Party).
After having initially repressed the communists, Nasser changed his tune and ended up proposing to the communists of the PCE (Egyptian Communist Party) to join his organization, the Arab Socialist Union. In 1965, the Communist Party dissolved itself and many of its members individually joined the Arab Socialist Union. But the death of Nasser and his replacement by Anwar El-Sadat, a reactionary bourgeois, was enough to change the direction of the State and to show what error the Egyptian communists had made.
In Iraq, the tripartite alliance between the Baath Party, the Communist Party and the Kurdish Democratic Party, formed in 1973, shattered from 1978, under the action of the vice-president of the Republic and the Baath Party, Saddam. Hussein, who organized a bloody repression when he became president in 1979. The Communist Party was banned and many of its officials died during this repression.
What can we say about the distinction between Bourgeoisies, national and comprador?
Overall, the question of the participation of a communist party in a coalition led by the National Bourgeoisie therefore arises. Everywhere, the replacement of one man by another (Nasser by Sadat, Al-Bakr by Saddam, Boumediene by Chadli or even Chavez by Maduro) has meant a counter-revolutionary political change, the more or less bloody repression of the Communists and often a rapprochement with dominant imperialism and the comprador Bourgeoisie  ; even more so since the end of the USSR. History has taught us that when it is not the working class and the Communist Party that lead the national liberation struggle, it always ends badly.
This affair today impacts the conception of those of the communist parties who believe in a multipolar world under construction, thanks in particular to the BRICS countries and confuse the struggles between rival imperialist powers and the emergence of a new world. There is no new world without a socialist society, without a revolution led by the working class and its party. The concept of an anti-imperialist camp, in which we can place, for example, Venezuela or Iran (not to mention Russia and China) confuses the understanding of the imperialist stage and turns out to be a disastrous error.
The USSR, under Khrushchev and Brezhnev, supported state leaderships that repressed the Communists; it seems that Cuba is preparing to make the same mistake by staunchly supporting Maduro, despite the PCV's ban.
The evidence that these “ anti-imperialist ” fronts   only serve to establish the power of the capitalist class, even if it is reputed to be anti-Yankee , leads us to question the relevance, in the current situation, of this division between Bourgeoisies, national and comprador . This difference was real as long as the USSR existed and a third of the planet's inhabitants lived under a socialist regime or moving towards socialism. But today ? How is the dominant fringe of the Iranian Bourgeoisie, firmly opposed to the USA, not comprador vis-à-vis imperialist China?
For the Communist Revolutionary Party, a struggle for national liberation, to free itself from imperialist domination, can only be led by a revolutionary party, and no capitalist state will promote the proletarian revolution. We will continue to reflect on this question, which is fundamental for anyone who wants to understand today's world, and in particular imperialism.
[1] MPLA: Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola
[2] FRELIMO: Mozambique Liberation Front
[3] RENAMO: National Resistance of Mozambique
[4] UNITA and FNLA: National Union for the Total Liberation of Angola and National Front for the Liberation of Angola